LMA - Laboratoire de Mécanique et d’Acoustique

[2023 – Stage M2 ou 3A Ingénieur] Aero-acoustic modeling and characterization of a convergent ventilated silencer based on the Acoustic Black Hole Effect.

Tutors :
- Pr. Cédric Maury, Professor École Centrale Marseille, Sounds Group, Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics, cedric.maury@centrale-marseille.fr
- Dr. Teresa Bravo, Tenure Research Scientist at CSIC, Spanish Council for Scientific Research, teresa.bravo@csic.es

Dates : Start date between 01/02/2023 and 01/04/2023 – Duration 5 months

Location : Laboratory of Mechanics and Acoustics (LMA) – Sounds Group, Marseille, France.
Possibility of short research stay at CSIC (Madrid).

Payment : academic rate funded by The Institute of Mechanical Engineering of Aix-Marseille University (Project “Metamaterials”).

Problematic : One of the challenges encountered in the field of aeronautical and surface transports is to design compact lightweight liners or silencers able to significantly reduce the transmission and back-reflection of low-frequency noise sources (combustion noise, fan noise...) that propagate in a low-speed ducted flow. The interest of reducing back-reflections of acoustic waves towards the combustion chamber is to keep a high combustion efficiency of thermal engines (fuel, hydrogen). Silencers also have to maintain a constant flow rate and minimum pressure drop.
State-of-the-art silencers are expansion chambers filled with porous materials shielded from the flow by perforated cylinders [Fig. 1, left]. These quarter-wavelength resonators are only efficient above 1 kHz to reduce noise transmission over a limited bandwidth, and with significant back-reflections. They would require unrealistic large cross-sectional volumes (resp. axial lengths) to achieve low-frequency (resp. broadband) noise attenuation. Innovative “engineered silencers” [Fig. 1, middle] based on the Acoustic Black Hole (ABH) effect are a promising alternative. They should be able to slow down and trap sound waves within their internal shaped cavities, and to fully absorb the incident energy through visco-thermal dissipation. Broadband absorption is achieved due to merging of the individual cavities resonances. As a result, only the incident wave field propagates without back-reflections, nor transmission [as simulated in Fig. 1, right]. Strategies such as micro-perforations can be implemented to downshift the bandwidth of absorption towards low-frequencies while keeping a compact device.
However, these types of ABH mufflers obstruct the flow and cannot be used as such in a flow duct. The question of designing fully- or adequately-open ventilated silencers based on the ABH principle with high aero-acoustic performance is not yet solved and is the subject of this Master internship.

The candidate profile should be mainly in Acoustics, with knowledge/practice of the finite element method, and interests in modeling and using acoustical experimental techniques.

- If sufficient results are obtained that go beyond the state-of-the-art, the student will be included as a co-author in an international conference paper.
- A PhD 3-years doctoral grant has been requested for a follow-up to this study.

More informations about Objective, Methodology or References here :

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