LMA - Laboratoire de Mécanique et d’Acoustique

Samy Missoum - Fusion of Clinical and Computational Data for the Construction of Risk Models : Application to Hip Fracture Prediction

Amphithéâtre François Canac, LMA

Le 1er juin 2016 de 11h00 à 12h00

Samy Missoum

Computational Optimal Design of Engineering Systems (CODES) Laboratory Aerospace and Mechanical Engineering Department University of Arizona, Tucson, USA

Séminaire dans le cadre de son séjour au LMA (Professeur invité AMU)

In the biomedical field, risk models, which provide a probability of occurrence of a given pathology, are typically built using clinical data. The predictive ability of risk models such as logistic regression or support vector machines is therefore highly dependent on the amount of available information and the problem dimensionality. At the other end of the spectrum, fields such as engineering tend to rely increasingly on the predictions of computational models (e.g., finite element simulations, CFD). Despite their vast differences, both approaches can in fact be combined to increase the predictive ability of risk models. This can be achieved, for example, by using the outcome of numerical simulations to complement the clinical data.

This seminar will present several approaches to perform such a fusion of data in the case of hip fracture risk prediction. Computational data from finite element simulations will be used to generate complementary information to refine the fracture risk model. This information will also provide a mechanical insight typically missing from traditional risk models.

The presentation will first provide the necessary background in risk model construction and hip fracture. The approaches for data fusion will then be described and demonstrated on an actual clinical dataset.

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